|TITLE:||ALCOHOLIC BEHAVIORS AND ATTITUDES BETWEEN COLLEGIATE ATHLETES VERSUS NON-ATHLETES|
|PRINCIPLE INVESTIGATOR:||KING, ASHLEY|
|OTHER INVESTIGATORS:||BAILEY TEMPLERNDR. WILLIAM RUSSELL|
File Created: October 23, 2013|
Department Chair Action Date: October 23, 2013
Current Status: Expired. Final Status Report or Extension Needed.
|Confidentiality||Data are not linked to individuals|
STATEMENT OF PURPOSEPast research has shown that student-athletes consume more alcohol compared to non-athletes (Lewis, 2008). Student-athletes have also been found to be at a higher risk of hazardous alcohol consumption (Olthius, Zamboanga, Martens, and Ham 2011). It has been found that 80% of NCAA athletes use alcohol and one-quarter binge drink at least once weekly (Pritchard, Milligan, Elgin, Rush, and Shea, 2007). Some reasons behind increased alcohol consumption amongst student-athletes are increased role demands such as athletic expectations, academic expectations, leadership, etc., to get the “high” of drinking (Doumas, Turrisi, Coll, and Haralson, 2007), an increase in competitive attitude, which can lead to athlete’s wanting to “out-drink” their peers (Serraro and Martens, 2008), social approval from peers in the student body, and relaxation from increased stressors and depression (Wilson, 2004). Excessive and habitual alcohol use has been proven to impair the re-synthesis of glycogen, which adversely affects the body to recover from exercise, impair the body’s ability to fight infection, increasing the risk of illness and weakening the immune system, decrease in academic performance, increase risk of sport related injury by up to 50%, cause cardiac dysfunction, and cause veisalgia (hangover), which dehydrates the body, in turn decreasing athletic performance (Dziedzicki, 2013). Researching these attitudes and behaviors will help inform college campuses of student drinking behaviors and how this affects the student body. Knowing this information will show who is at higher risk when it comes to alcoholic behaviors and attitudes. The purpose of this study is to determine whether differences exist in alcoholic behaviors and attitudes between collegiate athletes versus non-athletes.
STATEMENT OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGYThe participants in this study will be obtained at a mid-size, mid-western MIAA university, with no gender differentiation, administered on campus. The participants will be 25 athletes (10 football, 5 basketball, 5 soccer, and 5 volleyball players) and 25 non-athletes, which will be PED 101 students. Set of items will be developed for this survey to examine the alcoholic behaviors and attitudes between student athletes versus student non-athletes. Surveys will be directly administered to participants; 25 athletes and 25 non-athletes. It should take approximately <15 minutes to complete the survey.
ANTICIPATED RISKS AND BENEFITSThere are no anticipated risks since this study involves survey research. Therefore, risks to participants are minimal. Possible benefits of this study are to inform faculty and staff of alcohol behaviors and attitudes of the student body. In addition, knowing this information will give faculty and staff a better understanding of the targeted audience who participate in alcohol behaviors and how they could possibly intervene.
SUBJECT SELECTIONA stratified sample of 50 college students will be surveyed with equal numbers of athletes and non-athletes, no gender differentiation exists.
CONFIDENTIALITYConfidentiality will be ensured by the consent form being removed prior to survey completion making the subject names unassociated with the survey itself. Surveys will be directly administered by the research team.
PRIMARY SUPPORTING DOCUMENTClick for Word Document
|Western is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission, a member of the North Central Association of Colleges & Schools (NCA), and is an AQIP Participant.|