|TITLE:||THE EFFECTS ON UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE ON TRUST|
|PRINCIPLE INVESTIGATOR:||HERRINGTON, GAGE|
|OTHER INVESTIGATORS:||DR. KELLY HENRY|
File Created: September 11, 2013|
Department Chair Action Date: September 11, 2013
Current Status: Expedited Approval Granted
Action Date: September 11, 2013
Approval Expiration Date: December 10, 2013
|Confidentiality||Data are not linked to individuals|
STATEMENT OF PURPOSEPast research has indicated that as risk is increased, trust also has the potential to be increased (Cook, Yamagishi, Cheshire, Cooper, Matsude, & Mashima 2005; Kollock 1994). A similar study by Buchan, Croson, and Dawes (2002) supports this idea, and laid out data from four different countries (China, South Korea, Japan, and the United States). This study indicated that the most trusting countries surveyed, China and the US, also shared one other attribute―similar levels of uncertainty avoidance. Uncertainty avoidance, as detailed by Hofstede, is an aversion tosituations and experiences with an unclear outcome (1980). Our study will look at uncertainty avoidance and how it can be manipulated by way of instructions. We want to find if different wording on instructions can increase uncertainty avoidance, and therefore decrease trust in the experiment.
STATEMENT OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGYParticipants will first be instructed on the basics of the study they will be participating in. The instructions will contain the manipulation of uncertainty avoidance. Each will receive five points to put into a raffle for a gift card at the end of the study. There will be one participant involved in each session. They will be told they are working with a partner that they will never come in contact with. The participant will have the option of sending some, all, or none of their points to the assumed partner, who will then send some, all, or none of their points back. The returned point value will be set before the experiment to ensure continuity. The points sent by the sender will be the measure of trust. After the experiment, the participant will be given a survey consisting of a scale to measure uncertainty avoidance. The scale we will be using is the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, a 5-point Likert-type (1=not representative at all to 5=completely representative) developed by Freeston, Rhéaume, Letarte, Dugas, and Ladouceur (1994). 1: I should be able to organize everything in advance. 2: One should always look ahead to so as to avoid surprise. 3: The smallest doubt can stop me from acting. 4: I can’t stand being taken by surprise. 5: Unforeseen events upset me greatly. 6: I always want to know what the future has in store for me. 7: A small, unforeseen event can spoil everything, even with the best planning. 8: I can’t stand being undecided about my future. 9: It frustrates me not having all the information I need.
ANTICIPATED RISKS AND BENEFITSThere are few risks involved in this study. Participants may feel mild stress while participating. There will also be a modest deception involved, which could upset participants when it is disclosed. They will be debriefed after completion of the study.
SUBJECT SELECTIONThis study will be completed with 40 participants, who will be recruited through introductory psychology classes, where they will be offered credit to participate.
CONFIDENTIALITYParticipants will sign a consent form before beginning the study. Data gathered in this study will be assigned a subject number that will not be associated with any participants individually. This guarantees that all the data and results will be anonymous.
PRIMARY SUPPORTING DOCUMENTClick for Word Document
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