|TITLE:||FUNCTION OF ABBREVIATIONS IN TEXT MESSAGES|
|PRINCIPLE INVESTIGATOR:||STILL, MARY|
|OTHER INVESTIGATORS:||KIMBERLY JONESRNASHLEY MULLINSRNJACQUELINE RATLIFFRN|
File Created: February 15, 2013|
Department Chair Action Date: February 15, 2013
Current Status: Expired. Final Status Report or Extension Needed.
|Confidentiality||Data are not linked to individuals|
STATEMENT OF PURPOSEThe purpose of the present study is to see if text-messaging abbreviations used in sentences convey more than just the meaning of the abbreviations. With the increased prevalence of text messaging it has become important to systematically investigate the way in which they are interpreted. Previous research suggests that abbreviations convey meaning, but may not convey the same emotion as the words they represent. Importantly, to our knowledge, there have been no investigations what inferences are made from text-messaging abbreviations. This study will examine whether or not abbreviations elicit anything beyond their literal meanings.
STATEMENT OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGYBefore starting the experiment the participants will be given an informed consent document detailing the general procedure of the experiment, the risks and benefits associated with the experiment, how their results will be kept confidential, and their right to withdraw without penalty. In addition, demographic information will be collected including the participantís age, sex, and text messaging experience. During the experiment participants will see statements that contain assertive, directive, or expressive phrases, and/or abbreviations. The phrases may have positive, negative, or neutral connotations. The participant will rate the messages for emotional content and functionality. After completing the scales, participants will be given three alternate interpretations of the message and will be asked to select which interpretation best matches the intention behind the message. Participants will be debriefed after completing the experiment and will have the opportunity to ask questions about the experiment.
ANTICIPATED RISKS AND BENEFITSThis experiment poses minimal risk to participants. The physical risk is no more than a participant would encounter reading words on a computer screen. Some experimental stimuli may elicit emotional responses in participant, but these responses are expected to be minor. Specifically, participants will be exposed to abbreviations representing explicit words (i.e., fck and sht). The potential benefit of conducting this experiment is that it would further our knowledge of the role of text messaging abbreviations in conveying information.
SUBJECT SELECTIONMissouri Western State University students enrolled in various psychology courses will be given the chance to volunteer to participate. Students will be given course credit as determined by their instructors in exchange for their participation. The expected sample size is 60 students.
CONFIDENTIALITYParticipants will be asked to sign their name on informed consent documents, but those documents will not be associated with the results of the survey. Data from each participant will be associated with a number during data entry, but that number will never be linked to the participantís identity. Therefore, the results of the study will be anonymous and confidential. In addition, informed consent documents will be kept in a secure location.
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