|TITLE:||SIMILAR IN MEANING VERSUS SIMILAR IN SOUND: THE DIFFERENTIAL EFFECT ON WORD RECALL|
|PRINCIPLE INVESTIGATOR:||GERHART, ARON|
|OTHER INVESTIGATORS:||STUDENTS: CHRISTINA FICHTER, THERESA GOSSETT, MICHELLE FISH, SARAH MATYAS, MONICA MORRILL, AND KAYLEE PEDEN.|
File Created: February 14, 2013|
Department Chair Action Date: February 28, 2013
Current Status: Expired. Final Status Report or Extension Needed.
|Confidentiality||Data are linked to individuals.|
STATEMENT OF PURPOSEThe purpose of the proposed study is to investigate recall of words that are semantically related, phonetically related (i.e., rhyming words), and non-related words. The expected result is that more words will be recalled from the semantically related and phonetically related lists, that is, as opposed to the non-related list. It is also expected that more words will be recalled from the semantically related list than the phonetically related list.
STATEMENT OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGYEvery participant will receive every condition, or level of the independent variable (i.e., word list). There are three word lists–with 12 words per list. Moreover, in this repeated measures design, the conditions will be randomized. Ultimately, this type of design will culminate in a repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA).
ANTICIPATED RISKS AND BENEFITSPotential risks for participants include frustration with the word-recall task. Potential benefits include the possibility of discovering effective mnemonics, or learning devices. To illustrate, if the findings suggest that semantically related words facilitate optimal recall, students (and anyone else who wishes to commit something to memory) would be encouraged to “find meaning” or “make associations” with items they are to remember.
SUBJECT SELECTIONThe SONA Systems will be utilized to recruit a participant pool. Most students (viz., those enrolled in General Psychology) receive some an incentive for this form of research participation (e.g., extra credit). The (tentative) goal is to recruit at least 30 participants.
CONFIDENTIALITYThe data will be monitored by having participants write down the words they remembered (out of 12) after they are presented a word list (via a PowerPoint presentation) (There are three word lists, thus three opportunities for recall.) These written responses will be kept and securely stored by the principle investigator. Data will be coded into a SPSS database, which will also be securely stored by the principle investigator.
PRIMARY SUPPORTING DOCUMENTClick for Word Document
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